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How Your Global Strategy Can Make Food and Agricultural Supply Chains More Resilient

Have you ever wondered how far the “farm” really is from your “table?”  Studies show that an average of almost 70% of the food we eat comes from all over the world.
Today, the global food and agricultural industries have become more interconnected, data-driven, competitive, and inseparably linked, making it increasingly important for executives in these industries to develop their global strategy with supply chain resiliency in mind.
To avoid future food and agricultural shortages, companies and developed nations should better understand how they can leverage supplies offered by emerging markets and diversify their imports to create a more resilient supply chain, especially in times of disruptions – pandemics, conflict, geopolitics – and uncertainty.
With countries like the United States, Germany, China, and only a few others accounting for most of the world’s food exports, it is essential that food and agricultural companies outside these markets – and other countries – tap into increasing trade flows in emerging markets and consider inventory and supply chain management strategies that can help them diversify imports.
In this blog post, we will explore how these strategies can lead to greater resilience in global food and agricultural trade.

The world’s food and agricultural industry is highly concentrated. Only a handful of countries, including the United States, Germany, China, Japan, and India account for more than two-thirds of global food exports, according to the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook. As a result, these countries are uniquely positioned to significantly influence market prices and the availability of resources globally. This market concentration can also have a significant impact on the global food supply if any of these markets suffer an economic downturn or experience political unrest.

According to a special report by the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems, over 50 countries depend on Russia and Ukraine for at least one-third of their wheat imports. Coupled with record spikes in fertilizer prices, due to supply interruptions from Russia and Belarus, there’s no question that global food prices are top of mind.

Tapping into Emerging Markets

To ensure resilience in the face of such events, it is essential for other countries to tap into increasing trade flows in emerging markets and foster new partnerships with countries outside their region.

For example, African nations are creating new partnerships with other countries to secure access to vital resources like food and energy sources despite economic instability or political unrest in certain regions of the continent.

China’s investments in infrastructure projects across Eurasia have enabled increased access to essential resources like grains, vegetables, eggs and more from East Asia to the Middle East region while also expanding its own export markets.

What does this mean? Recent research suggests China’s emerging Food Silk Road through infrastructure investments could transform how we construct the world’s food supply chains and spearhead a paradigm shift in food security strategies.

With great potential for change to the global food supply and agriculture, it’s essential for companies to reevaluate their own inventory and supply chain management strategies.


Diversifying imports by leveraging emerging markets is a key to fostering greater resilience in global food and agricultural trade. By navigating existing trade networks, increasing supply chain flexibility through inventory management, and considering alternative stock-keeping units during times of crisis, we will create an agile and long-lasting global system for food distribution that helps protect against future disruptions.
What is your company doing to build greater resilience in the food and agriculture trade? Do you have a global strategy? It’s up to us all to protect against future interruptions and shortages.

To improve or develop your global strategy, set up a call with a member of our team today.

March 2, 2023